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Paleo/Primal Vegetable Recipes: Greens

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General Cooking Information

Cooking Dark Leafy Greens

In general, chard and spinach cook quickly. Collards, esp. big old leaves,
cook slowest, and turnips, kale and mustard cook rather slowly. You can 
cook turnips, kale, mustard and collards basically all you want, 15 - 20 
minutes or more is sometimes needed. Southerners have cooked collards for 
hours. Older tougher leaves take longest.

It helps to chop them rather finely before cooking, they will cook faster
this way.

The more you cook mustard greens, the less spicey they are. Cooking turnips
and collards can remove bitterness. Cooking with vinegar helps remove
bitterness too.
By Richard Geller. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, Feb. 2001

Other greens worth trying are Lambs Quarters, Stinging Nettles or
Dandelion leaves. Stinging nettles become soft after cooking and no
longer *sting*.
By Trish Tipton. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, March 2001

Oh, speaking of other greens, I said I would get back to y'all on the 
carrot tops in the broth. NICE!! Gives it a different flavor. They're a bit
bitter eaten raw but a "clean" taste to them.
By Oliva. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, March 2001

You can use carrot tops like parsley. They are strong tasting, similarly
to parsley. Just snip them up into main-dish salads or soups.
By Lynnet Bannion. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, March 2001

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Country-Style Greens

1 Tbsp lard or rendered bacon fat
1 medium onion, minced
2 cups water
pepper
2 bunches (or about 2 pounds) of fresh collard, turnip, or mustard greens
1/4 pound good quality bacon or ham, cut in 1/2 inch pieces, or 1/2 pound
ordinary sliced	bacon or ham

Trim away and discard the tough stems of the greens. To loosen grit, place
the leaves and the remaining tender stems (you should have about 2 quarts)
in a large bowl, cover with lukewarm water, and soak for 5 minutes. Rinse
several times in lukewarm water to wash away any remaining sand. Melt lard
in a large heavy nonreactive pot with a lid. Do not use an aluminum pot, if
possible, use one with an enamel coating. Add onions and bacon. Fry
together over medium-high heat, stirring often, until onions wilt and
bacon starts to brown, about 5 minutes. Add greens and the water and bring
to a boil over high heat. Cover, lower heat to medium, and cook until
greens are tender, with just a little crunch, about 20 minutes. Uncover,
raise heat to high, and boil off some of the excess water, about 5 minutes.
Add pepper to taste, and serve hot, it should be slightly soupy. - Serves 6

Adapted from Regional American Classics, California Culinary Academy.
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Wilted Greens with Lemon

1 tsp. extra virgin olive oil
2 or 3 cloves of garlic, minced
grated zest of 1 lemon
juice of 1 lemon
1 bunch leafy greens (kale, collards, broccoli rapini), cleaned well and
sliced into bite-sized pieces

Heat oil in a skillet over medium heat. Add garlic and cook 1 minute. Add
greens and cook until they are tender and begin to wilt, about 5 minutes.
Stir in the lemon zest and cook 1-2 minutes. Remove from heat and toss
greens with lemon juice. Serve immediately, makes 4 servings.

Adapted from Cooking the Whole Foods Way by Christina Pirello.
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Stewed Greens With Tomatoes and Mint

This is inspired by a Greek recipe from the island of Corfu, from Diane
Kochilas's book The Greek Vegetarian. I love the way the greens and 
tomatoes are infused with mint. If you want to try more unusual greens from
your farmers' market, like amaranth or purslane, they will work in this
dish.

2 pounds Swiss chard or kale, stemmed and washed, or a 1-pound bag of
  stemmed, washed Southern greens
Salt
2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil, plus additional if desired for
  drizzling
1 large onion, chopped
2 to 4 garlic cloves (to taste), minced
2 teaspoons sweet paprika
1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon cayenne
2 pounds fresh tomatoes, seeded and grated, or peeled, seeded and chopped,
  or a 28-ounce can chopped tomatoes with juice
1/2 cup chopped fresh mint
1/2 cup chopped fresh fennel or dill
2 tablespoons tomato paste, diluted in 1/2 cup water
Freshly ground black pepper

Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Fill a bowl with ice water. When the
water comes to a boil, salt generously and add the greens. Blanch chard for
1 minute, Southern greens or kale for 2 minutes. Transfer to the ice water,
then drain and squeeze out water. Coarsely chop and set aside.
Alternatively, steam the greens in a large steamer - 2 minutes for chard, 3
to 4 minutes for kale. Rinse and squeeze dry.

In a wide, heavy skillet or Dutch oven, heat the oil over medium heat and
add the onion. Cook until the onion is tender and beginning to color, 5 to
8 minutes, and add the garlic, paprika and cayenne. Cook, stirring, for
about a minute, until fragrant, and add the tomatoes and salt to taste.
Bring to a simmer, and simmer until the tomatoes have cooked down slightly,
about 10 minutes. Add the greens, herbs and diluted tomato paste, and bring
to a simmer. Cover and simmer until the greens are very tender, about 20
minutes. Add salt and pepper to taste.

Yield: Serves 4 to 6

Advance preparation: You can make this a day ahead and reheat. 

By: Martha Rose Shulman. From The New York Times: Recipes For Health
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Arugala

How to Cook Arugula

Arugula resembles a small lettuce, but it has a unique, spicy flavor. These
flavorful greens are a rich source of several nutrients, including
potassium and vitamins A and K. Although frequently served raw, arugula is
suitable for several cooked preparations. Sauteing is the most basic way to
cook arugula. sautéed arugula resembles sautéed spinach; it becomes a
dense, wilted leaf. Alternatively, arugula's pepper-like flavor adds a bite
to stir-fried dishes.

Simple sautéed Arugula
----------------------
arugala, chopped or sliced
olive oil (roughly 1 tablespoon per 2 cups of arugula)
garlic cloves, minced (1 clove per cup of arugula)

Set a saute pan over medium-high heat and add olive oil. Allow oil to heat.

Add garlic to hot oil. Saute the garlic until it is slightly softened, 
usually 30 to 45 seconds.

Throw the arugula into the pan. Cook the arugula, constantly tossing. Heat
the arugula until the leaves wilt, usually about one minute. Transfer the 
arugula and garlic to a serving platter.

Tip: You can add arugula to nearly any sautéed dish. Because arugula cooks
quickly, add it at the end.

From: LiveStrong.com: The Limitless Potential of You
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Beet Greens

Sesame Wilted Beet Greens

Beet greens are as valuable as beets. Just treat them like spinach or Swiss
chard. A simple addition of sesame oil or lemon juice enhances their 
flavour.

1 tbsp sesame seeds
8 cups loosely packed beets with greens, (about 2 bunches)
1 tsp extra-virgin olive oil
1 clove garlic, minced
1 tsp grated gingerroot
1 pinch salt
1/2 tsp sesame oil

In small skillet over medium heat, toast sesame seeds until golden, about 3
minutes; set aside.

Trim stems from small young beet greens or remove centre rib from larger 
mature beet greens.

In large skillet, heat oil over medium-high heat. Add beet greens, garlic, 
ginger and salt; cover and steam until greens are wilted, about 3 minutes. 
Drizzle with sesame oil; sprinkle with reserved sesame seeds.

Variations: Drizzle with 1 tbsp (15 mL) lemon juice.

From: Canadian Living Magazine: November 2003
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Steamed Beet Greens

Beet greens
Salt, to taste

Beet greens only need to be steamed. They take maybe 8-10 minutes until 
tender and edible. Add some salt while they're still warm to bring out the 
flavor.

From: Cooking with Erica
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How to Cook Beet Tops

Beet tops
Olive oil
Two to three garlic cloves
Chili flakes (optional)
Salt

Cut the beet tops into bite-sized pieces. Focus especially on the stems,
because the leaves will shrink significantly during cooking so their size
is less important.

Rinse chopped beet tops thoroughly. Beet tops tend to be gritty and dirty,
so you may have to rinse them several times before they are completely
clean.

Pour slightly more olive oil into the saucepan than is needed to cover the
bottom.

Slice the garlic into very thin slices and place in the saucepan.

Add a pinch of chili flakes. Don't go overboard now; you can always add
more later if you want the dish to be spicier. A general rule of thumb for
this recipe is to use a pinch corresponding to the size of your saucepan,
assuming the beet tops will fill. For example, use a small pinch for a
small saucepan, or a very big pinch for a very big saucepan.

Saute garlic and chili flakes over low to medium heat until garlic is
translucent and tender, but not brown. Stir frequently with wooden spoon to
prevent burning or sticking.

Add the beet tops along with a generous pinch of salt. Stir the mixture
until the beet tops are evenly coated in the olive oil.

Cook the beet tops for five to 10 minutes, stirring frequently, over low to
medium heat. After five minutes, try a piece of stem. The beet tops are
done when the stems are tender, but still slightly firm.

Tip: If you want a more intense flavor, add more garlic. This recipe as
written will have only a hint of garlic, so by all means add more if you
are a garlic fan.

By Morgan O'Connor, eHow Contributor
From: eHow
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Bok Choy (Chinese Cabbage)

Easy Bok Choy

1 tablespoon oil
2 cloves garlic, crushed and chopped
8 heads baby bok choy, trimmed and cut into bite-size pieces
salt to taste

Heat the oil in a large skillet or wok over medium heat, and cook the
garlic in the hot oil until fragrant, 1 to 2 minutes. Mix in the bok choy,
and cook and stir until the green parts of the leaves turn bright green and
the stalks become slightly translucent, 5 to 8 minutes. Sprinkle with salt
to serve.

From: AllRecipes
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Stir-Fried Bok Choy with Ginger and Garlic

1 tablespoon coconut oil
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger
8 cups chopped fresh bok choy
2 tablespoons coconut animos
Salt and ground black pepper

Heat oil in a large skillet over medium heat. Add garlic and ginger and 
cook 1 minute. Add bok choy and coconut animos. Cook 3 to 5 minutes, until 
greens are wilted and stalks are crisp-tender. Season, to taste, with salt 
and black pepper.

Adapted from: Food Network Magazine
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Bok Choy and Radishes

1 head bok choy
3 tablespoons ghee and/or coconut and/or olive oil
12 radishes, thinly sliced
1 shallot, sliced
1 teaspoon lemon-pepper seasoning
1/2 teaspoon salt

Cut off and discard root end of bok choy, leaving stalks with leaves. Cut 
green leaves from stalks. Cut leaves into 1-in. slices; set aside. Cut 
white stalks into 1-in. pieces.

In a large skillet, cook bok choy stalks in oil for 3-5 minutes or until 
crisp-tender. Add the radishes, shallot, lemon-pepper, salt and reserved 
leaves; cook and stir for 3 minutes or until heated through. 
Yield: 8 servings.

From: Taste of Home: Simple & Delicious, May 2010, p.62
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Broccoli Rabe (Rapini)

Broccoli Rabe/Rapini with Sausage and Mushrooms

1 bunch broccoli rabe
1 lb. mushrooms, (portabellos, button, and crimini work well in this recipe)
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 lb. bulk Italian sausage (see *) [could be optional]
1 tsp. ume plum vinegar or lemon juice
bone broth added as needed
1/2 cup steamed, chopped sun-dried tomatoes
1/4 cup toasted pine nuts
Maldon salt and fresh cracked black pepper to taste

Wash rapini, remove leaves and flowers from stem. Gently clean mushrooms
with soft brush (no water) and slice 1/4 inch thick. In large skillet, brown
the sausage. Remove from pan. Saute mushrooms in sausage grease until
tender, adding garlic for the last two minutes of cooking. Add a dash of
bone broth or water to the pan. Stir in sausage and dried tomatoes. Add
rapini and vinegar or lemon juice, toss gently, adding more bone broth as
needed to keep the leaves moist. Simmer just until wilted, about 2-3
minutes. All of the liquid should be absorbed. If it isn't, drain off excess
liquid. Remove to serving bowl, sprinkle pine nuts and serve immediately.

*I would imagine that using Sean's breakfast sausage recipe as a guideline,
one could make a delicious bulk Italian sausage using a bit of crushed
rosemary, a couple teaspoons red pepper flakes, and fennel seeds. I am going
to try that the next time I make this recipe. I'll post the recipe if it
comes out well.

By Stacie Tolen. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, April 2001
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Broccoli Rabe, Indian style

1 large bunch of broccoli rabe (washed and trimmed), roughly chopped
1 medium onion, finely diced
1" piece of ginger, peeled and finely minced
3-4 large garlic cloves, finely minced
1 tsp black mustard seeds
1 tsp cumin seeds
pinch of asafetida (hing)
1/2 tsp turmeric
1 tsp ground cumin powder
1/2 tsp ground coriander powder
pinch of red pepper flakes, to taste (optional)
salt and pepper, to taste
2 tbsp coconut oil
freshly chopped cilantro for garnish

In a deep skillet or wok on medium high heat, add the oil. When hot,
carefully add the black mustard seeds. When the splattering subsides, add
the cumin seeds. Stir the spices and add the asafetida. Add the onions and
stir. Let the onions brown slightly and add the ginger, garlic and crushed
red pepper flakes. Stir and let cook until aromatic and then add the rest
of the spices (turmeric, ground cumin powder, ground coriander powder, salt
and pepper). Stir and let the spices cook for a few minutes. Then start
adding the broccoli rabe. Keep stirring until the greens are covered in the
spices. Reduce the heat to low, cover and let look for 5-6 minutes. Garnish
and serve.

Adapted from: BellaOnline: The Voice of Women
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Broccoli Rabe with Caramelized Onions

Olive oil
1 yellow onion, sliced into slivers, lengthwise (with the grain)
1 large bunch of broccoli rabe (raab, rapini), rinsed and cut into 2-inch
  long pieces
2-3 garlic cloves, sliced
1/4 teaspoon red chili flakes
Salt
Freshly ground black pepper

Heat 2 Tbsp olive oil in a large sauté pan on medium heat. Add the onions,
spread out in a thin layer. Cook, stirring occasionally until softened and
then lightly browned. (Tip: to speed up the caramelization process you can
sprinkle a pinch of sugar over the onions.) If the onions start to dry out
at all, lower the heat (you can add a little water to them too.) They
should brown, but not get dried out.

After you start the onions, bring a large pot of water to a boil. The
onions take at least 15 minute to cook, so you'll have time to get the
water boiling. Salt the water (about a tablespoon of salt for 3 quarts of
water). Prepare an ice bath, fill a large bowl half way with ice water. Add
the rabe to the boiling water. Blanch for 1 minute. Use a slotted spoon to
remove from the boiling water and put in the ice bath to stop the cooking.
Shocking the rabe with ice water will also help keep the rabe bright green
colored.

Note that some people blanch their rabe, some do not. Rabe can be rather
bitter, so blanching will help take the edge off of the bitterness. If your
rabe isn't particularly bitter, or you like bitter greens, you can easily
skip this blanching step.

Drain the ice water from the rabe. Use a clean tea towel to gently wring
out the excess moisture from the rabe. [Or use a salad spinner.]

Once the onions are lightly browned, remove them from the pan to a bowl.
Using the same pan, add another Tbsp of olive oil and heat the pan on high
heat. Add the chili flakes. Once the chili flakes start to sizzle, add the
garlic. Once the garlic just starts to brown at the edges add the broccoli
rabe and the onions. Toss the rabe mixture so that it gets well coated with
the olive oil. Cook on high heat until most of the moisture is gone, about
5 minutes if you blanched first, a minute or too longer if you skipped the
blanching.

From: Simply Recipes
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Cabbage

Stir Fry Cabbage And Carrot

2 cloves of garlic, slice
300g cabbage, cut to small slice
1 carrot, peel, half and slice
100g chicken breast, cubed
1 chilli, slice
1-2 tablespoon of pure fish sauce, e.g. Red Boat Fish Sauce
1 tablespoon of olive oil
salt and pepper to taste
2 tablespoon of water

Heat oil in a wok.
Add in garlic, fry for 15 sec.
Add in cubed chicken. Fry for a minute.
Add in oyster sauce.
Add in water.
Add in carrots, stir fry for 3 minutes.
Add in cabbage and chilli, and stir fry or another 2 minutes.
Finally, salt and pepper to taste.

From whitejasmine. Found at: GroupRecipes
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Cabbage Cooking

Place an amount of olive in a pan - more
Wash the cabbage and chop finely (the water on the cabbage is all you need)
Heat the oil add the cabbage and stir - add fresh rosemary, oregano, thyme
if available
Put on a low heat, lid on saucepan and stir every minute or two to stop
burning for about 7-10 minutes.
- the cabbage steam fries. Ginger counteracts the gas from cabbage.
Add garlic and ginger to excess about 5 minutes into the cooking
Serve with more olive oil. Serve with nut loaf, fish, steamed chicken . . .

From: lobster@DIAL.PIPEX.COM
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Don's Cabbage

1 head cabbage, chopped
4 tablespoons lard
salt and pepper to taste

Put about an inch of water in a large frying pan and bring to a boil. Put
all the cabbage and lard in, season and cover. Simmer for about twenty-five
to thirty minutes.

From: Don's Spicy Kitchen via rec.food.cooking on Jan 4, 1999.
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Red Cabbage with Chestnuts

In typical Alsatian fashion, this cabbage has a delicious sweet-and-sour
flavor.

1 pound fresh chestnuts
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 large onion, thinly sliced
1 2-pound head red cabbage, cored, thinly sliced
1/2 cup red wine vinegar (hmm...paleo substitute?)
6 tablespoons water
3 tablespoons sugar (for Paleo-use honey)

Preheat oven to 400 deg. F. Using small knife, cut an X in each chestnut.
Place in roasting pan. Bake until shells loosen, about 35 minutes. Cool
slightly. Remove hard shell and brown skin from each nut. Set aside. Heat
oil in large pot over medium-low heat. Add onion; saute until soft, about 5
minutes. Add cabbage, vinegar, water and sugar. Cover; cook until cabbage
is tender, stirring occasionally, about 40 minutes. Add nuts; cook until
warm, about 10 minutes longer. Season with pepper.

From Bon Appetit December 1997
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Grilled Harvest Vegetables

1 small cabbage, cored
2 tablespoons olive oil
1/2 to 1 teaspoon onion powder, optional
1/8 to 1/4 teaspoon pepper
4 medium carrots, cut into 1 inch pieces
2 celery ribs, cut into 1 inch pieces
1 small onion, cut into wedges
1/2 pound whole fresh mushrooms
1 small green pepper, cut into pieces
4 bacon strips, cooked and crumbled, optional

Cut cabbage into 6 wedges; spread oil on cut sides. Place cabbage on a
piece of heavy-duty foil, about 24" by 18". Sprinkle with onion powder, if
desired, and pepper. Arrange remaining vegetables and bacon (if desired)
around cabbage. Seal the foil tightly. Grill, covered, over medium-hot heat
for 30 minutes or until vegetables are tender, turning occasionally.

From: Quick Cooking, Sept/Oct 1998
Adapted by Patti Vincent
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Cabbage With Bacon

Cut bacon (with scissors) into little pieces in a skillet and fry till
crispy. Toss in about 4 cups finely shredded cabbage and 2 shredded apples
(not peeled). Cook until cabbage is wilted, then toss with juice of one
lemon and cayenne pepper or hot sauce to taste.

From: Beverle (abernco at COMM-PLUS.NET)
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Veggie Ideas

Cabbage is great sautéed in oil, with a little minced onion and some
Cabbage is always cheap, too. And of course, fried onions and mushrooms go
great with everything!

From: Dana (dcarpend at kiva.net)
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Indian Cabbage

oil or ghee
1 teaspoon black mustard seed
1 teaspoon turmeric
4 cups shredded cabbage
1/2 teaspoon salt

Put a heavy skillet over medium heat. Add a few tablespoons of oil (I like
to use coconut oil), and then the mustard seed and the turmeric. Saute 
together for just a minute.

Stir in the cabbage, add the salt and stir-fry for a few minutes, combining
the cabbage well with the spices.

Add a couple of tablespoons of water, cover, and let the cabbage steam for 
a couple more minutes, until it is tender-crisp.

From: CDKitchen
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Fragrant Indian Cabbage

2 teaspoons brown mustard seed, dry roasted
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 large cabbage, or 3 small ones (10 cups), sliced thin
1 piece (3" size) peeled and grated ginger
1 cup water
1 bunch (1 cup) fresh cilantro, sliced
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon black pepper
1/4 teaspoon cardamom

Heat a wok or heavy skillet. Add the mustard seeds. Cover and dry roast 
them for about 1 minute, until you hear them pop and they turn gray.

Add oil. Stir in the cabbage, water, and ginger. Saute 5 minutes until the 
cabbage turns bright green and the texture is crisp and tender.

Turn off heat. Mix in the other ingredients. Taste and adjust the 
seasonings. Serve warm.

Original source: The Quick Organic Gourmet, by Leslie Cerier

Adapted from: CDKitchen
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Cabbage Poriyal

Cabbage poriyal is a South Indian dish which is made by adding grated 
coconut with cabbage.

1 small sized cabbage (chopped)
1/2 tsp coconut flour
2 tsp mustard seeds
1 onion (chopped)
2-3 green chillies (slit in halves) (optional)
3 tblsp oil
6-7 curry leaves
1/4 cup fresh grated coconut
1/2 tsp turmeric powder
salt to taste

Heat oil in a pan. Add mustard seeds and urad dal and let it splutter.
Add curry leaves, green chillies and onions. Fry till golden brown and then
  turmeric powder.
Add chopped cabbage and salt and mix well. Add 1/4 cup water and cook 
  covered for 5 mins.
Once cabbage is done add grated coconut and stir.
Serve hot

Adapted from: Indian Food Forever
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Indian Stir Fried Cabbage

2 tablespoons oil
1/2 teaspoon mustard seeds
1 lb green cabbage, sliced very thinly
1/2 teaspoon ground turmeric
2 garlic cloves, minced (or smashed)
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/8 teaspoon cayenne (optional)

Heat oil in a large wok over high heat. When the oil begins to smoke, add
the mustard seeds, covering the wok with a lid or spatter screen. After the
seeds stop sputtering, add the cabbage. Add the turmeric, garlic, salt and
cayenne and toss well.

Reduce the heat to medium and stir occasionally until crisp-tender. (The
original recipe suggests you cover and steam the cabbage for 5 minutes but
I don't have a cover so just mixed it around for 5 to 10 minutes.) Serve
hot.

From: Food.com
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Cabbage Thoran

Cabbage Thoran is the heart of Kerala Cuisine. Any Kerala Sadhya is
incomplete without Cabbage Thoran. Cabbage Thoran is a stir fry made using
cabbage and coconut. You can prepare the thoran using cabbage, or a
combination of cabbage and carrot, or even cabbage, carrot and capsicum.

There are many different ways to prepare a thoran. Some use onions while 
others use shallots. Some add garlic and ginger, while others like it plain.

Half of one medium sized cabbage, shredded
1/2 cup Sliced Shallots (Kunjulli/Pearl Onions)
1 Cup Grated Coconut
4 or 5 cloves Finely chopped Garlic
1/4 tsp Grated Cumin (Jeera)
3 or 4 Green Chillies, slit (optional)
pinch Turmeric (or up to 1/2 tsp)
Salt As Required
2 tbsp Oil
1/2 tsp Mustard Seeds
sprig Curry Leaves

Mix together coconut, turmeric powder, shallots, cumin, garlic and green 
chillies using hands or you can coarsely grind everything together.

Combine the cabbage with some salt.

Heat 2 tbsp oil in a non stick pan and splutter mustard seeds. Add curry 
leaves and saute for a minute.

Add the shredded cabbage and saute for 2 minutes.

Next add the coconut mixture and combine everything together.

Cover the pan and cook on low flame, stirring occasionally. Do not add 
water while cooking cabbage.

After 6-8 mins, the cabbage will be cooked. Remove the lid and stir fry 
for another 4-5 minutes so that the cabbage is crunchy and not soggy.

From: Kerala Recipes
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Kerala Recipes

Cabbage Thoran

2 cup Cabbage (finely chopped)
Salt, as required

1/4 cup Grated coconut
3 Green chili (optional)
4 Garlic
3 Shallot
1/4 teaspoon Cumin powder
1/4 teaspoon Turmeric powder

Curry leaves
2 tablespoon Oil
1/2 teaspoon Mustard seed

Grind middle block of ingredients and keep aside.

In a pan, pour oil and splutter mustard seeds. 

Add chopped cabbage and salt as required and allow it to cook.

When half done, add the grinded mixture and cook on low flame.

Garnish with curry leaves.

From: newKerala.com
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Bengali Cabbage Stir Fry (Cabbage Chorichori)

5 Tbsp. mustard oil
1 large onion, sliced finely
600 gm cabbage, shredded finely
salt
2 tsp panch phoron

Grind to a coarse paste in a blender:
  2 tsp of water
  1 tsp black mustard seeds
  2 tsp ginger shredded
  4 x dry red chillies, deseeded and soaked in water (optional)
  1 tsp turmeric powder

Heat 4 Tbsp. of the oil in a pan and add in the onion.
Fry till golden brown and add in the cabbage.
Stir fry till translucent/soft then add in the ground mix and salt.
Add in 4 Tbsp of water and cook till the cabbage is done but still crisp.
Take off the heat.
Heat the remaining oil in a separate pan and add in the panch phoron.
When it crackles pour the oil and the seeds over the cabbage.
Stir well.
Heat through to blend the vegetable and spices.
Serve warm.
This is a typical Bengali dish made to accompany a meal with fish.

From: Cook - Eat - Share: The World's Largest Kitchen and elsewhere
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Indian Spiced Cabbage with Coconut

1 medium cabbage shredded
2 medium onions chopped finely
4 green chilies chopped (optional)
6 curry leaves
1 teaspoon lime juice
2 tablespoons oil
1/2 teaspoon coconut flour (optional)
1 garlic clove grated
1/2 teaspoon mustard seeds
1/2 teaspoon black pepper powder
1 teaspoon cumin powder
4 tablespoons grated coconut
A pinch of turmeric powder
salt to taste

Heat the oil in a heavy based pan. Add the mustard seeds and fry until they
crackle. Optionally add the coconut flour and fry until light brown. Next 
add the green chilies, curry leaves and chopped onions. Fry for 3 minutes 
on a medium heat.

Add the cabbage and the rest of the ingredients expect for the salt and the
lime juice. Stir fry all the ingredients on high heat until the cabbage is
glossy looking and well coated with the oil. Add the salt and cook for a
further 5 minutes on a low heat until the cabbage is cooked but still
crunchy.

Mix in the lime juice and leave covered for 2 minutes.

Adapted from: www.cabbagerecipes.co.uk - The UK home of cabbage recipes
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Celery

Braised Celery

8 stalks celery, rinsed and trimmed, leaves chopped and reserved
1 tablespoon ghee or coconut oil
Pinch kosher salt
Pinch freshly ground black pepper
1/2 cup good quality beef stock or broth

Peel any of the fibrous outer stalks of celery with a vegetable peeler and 
slice into 1-inch pieces on the bias.

Heat the oil in a 10-inch saute pan over medium heat. Once melted, add the
celery, salt and pepper and cook for 5 minutes until just beginning to
soften slightly. Add the beef broth and stir to combine. Cover and reduce
the heat to low. Cook until the celery is tender but not mushy,
approximately 5 minutes. Uncover and allow the celery to continue to cook
for an additional 5 minutes or until the liquid has been reduced to a
glaze. Transfer to a serving dish and garnish with the reserved leaves.

From: Food Network.com: Good Eats: Celeryman. Alton Brown, 2008
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Chard

Braised Chard

1 bunch swiss chard chopped
1 onion, chopped fine
2 tspns paprika
1 tspn cumin powder
1/4 cup or so of cilantro chopped
1/2 cup white wine or water
2 cloves minced garlic
1 tspn salt
ground black pepper
2 tblspns olive oil or other fat (goose etc.)

Normally, with chard, you often have to treat the leaves differently from
the stems. Not here, though. Put everything together into a covered dutch
oven or stock pot over medium heat. Let it all boil together, making sure
there is enough liquid, for about 45 minutes. This is fabulously rich.
Serves 4 with a large chard bunch.
By Richard Geller. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, Feb. 2001

My own recipe is similar to this one with the exception of the seasonings
and larger pieces of onion. I use a pinch or two of nutmeg and dry mustard
with the cumin and simmer about 20 minutes in broth, (either chicken or
beef) depends which one I have or the proverbial bone stock. I make most
greens this way. I vary the seasonings and cooking times to suit the taste
and veggie.
By Oliva. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, Feb. 2001

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Swiss Chard with Inkling of Salted Cod and Garlic

1 bundle Swiss Chard (wash and cut)
1 chili pepper (optional)
2 tablespoon coconut cream (optional)
Salt * Only if you don't use the salted cod.
dash black pepper
1 medium onion diced
2 cloves garlic crushed/sliced
1 tablespoon olive oil
3-4 tablespoon salted cod (optional) *

Start by washing each leaf of the chard under running water. The chard we
get here in Canada seems to have been grown in sandy soil, so washing is
very important. Cut out the tips of the stalk (area that may be brown or
discolored) but don't remove all the white stem..we'll be using that as
well. Grab a few leaves and wrap them tightly, then with a sharp knife on a
cutting board, start slicing into thin strips.

After you've sliced the entire bundle of Chard, place in a drainer and run
cold water over it again to ensure any sand/dirt is completely removed.

Peel and sliced the garlic and onion, as well as the chili pepper.

I usually soak the piece of salted cod in hot water for about 10 minutes,
then I strip into pieces.

Heat the olive oil in a sauce pan under med-high heat. Then add the strips
of salted cod and allow to cook from about 3 minutes. Then add the onion,
garlic and chili. Allow this to cook until it starts going golden brown
(about 3-5minutes).

At this point you can start adding the sliced Swiss chard to the pot. It
will pile up quite a bit, but as it cooks, it will decrease in size. Keep
adding as it goes down in size. Then cover the pot and allow to cook on a
low heat. it will release it's own natural juices. Don't forget to add a
dash of black pepper.

After about 15 minutes or so, add the coconut cream and stir everything
around so the cream gets to flavor everything. Continue cooking for another
5-10 minutes (until all the liquid dries up and everything starts to melt).
You may prefer to keep things a bit more crunchy (like a stir fry). The
choice is yours... just control the cooking time.

* Salt - since I added the salted codfish, there will be no need for adding
additional salt. However if you choose not to use the fish, please taste
and add salt as to your liking. The coconut cream (milk) is also optional,
but I find that it really enhances the dish so I do recommend that you do
use it.

From: Caribbean Pot: Caribbean Cooking, Recipes and Culinary Culture
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Chicory

Chicory Leaves in Oil (Hindbeh b Zeit)

2 lb (1 kg) chicory
1/2 cup olive oil
3 onions, sliced into thin rings
1 tablespoon salt [way too much!]
5 garlic cloves

Remove the outer yellow leaves from the chicory, then wash and shred
crosswise, very finely.
Immerse the shredded leaves in hot water for 2 minutes.
When almost tender, remove the leaves and squeeze out excess water between
the palms of the hand.
Set aside to cool.
Fry the onion rings in oil until golden.
Remove the onions from the oil and place the chicory in the same oil with
the crushed garlic and salt.
Sauté over medium heat for 5 minutes.
Pour some lemon juice over it and serve cold, garnished with the fried
onions rings.

From: Assouk.com: Free Lebanese Recipes
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Collard Greens

Dark Leafy Greens [Collard]

Here is a recipe I use, that is a combination of a recipe that Rachel 
Maetsz shared with a number of paleofood listers (before this group was 
created) and a recipe I found in an old Vegetarian Times.

2 bunches collard greens, or combination collard and kale
1 large onion, diced
2 cloves garlic, pressed
1 tsp dry mustard powder
hot sauce (made with apple cider vinegar)
ume plum vinegar or lemon juice
salt
pepper
1 cup slivered almonds
3 T bacon fat, coconut oil or olive oil
water or broth

Wash greens thoroughly so as to remove every trace of sand. Remove leaves
from stem, either using a knife (collards) or running your pinched fingers
along the stem to pull the leaf away. Slice stems, and cut greens into 1.5
inch squares. Set aside. Dice onion, press garlic. Heat fat in dutch oven
over medium heat. Saute onions until beginning to soften; add garlic and
stir a few minutes. Add spices, salt, pepper and hot sauce to taste; stir a
few minutes more. Add enough water or broth to cover bottom of pan by 1/4
inch. When water boils, add greens and a few dashes ume vinegar. Return to
boil, stir veggies up from the bottom, reduce heat to simmer and cover.
Cook, stirring occasionally, until greens are tender but still bright 
green. Stir in sliced almonds, remove from heat and place in serving bowl.

By Stacie Tolen. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, Feb. 2001
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Jamaican-Style Greens

2 lb Collard greens, kale or mustard greens
1/4 c Water
1 1/2 tb Olive oil
1 c Finely chopped onion
1 small Red jalapeno pepper, stemmed, seeded and finely chopped (optional)
1/8 ts Allspice
1/4 ts Salt
Freshly ground black peppere
2 ts Lemon or lime juice

Wash the greens well in several changes of water. Remove the thick rib from
the center of the leaves; chop coarsely.

Put the greens with 1/4 cup water into a large pot. Place over medium heat,
cover and cook until wilted, about 10 minutes. Stir often. Drain.

Heat the olive oil in a skillet over medium heat. Add the onion and 
jalapeno; saute 5 minutes. Stir in the greens, allspice, salt and pepper; 
saute 5 minutes.

Stir in the lime juice and serve.

From: Garden Guides
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Collard Greens

3 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil
1 cup diced tomato
1 large onion, diced
2-3 cloves garlic, diced
2 lbs collard greens (about 8-10 large leaves), remove tough stems
1-2 Tbsp. fresh herbs  (I used thyme)
Fresh ground pepper to taste
1/4 cup raw sunflower seeds (optional)

In a large, non-stick skillet, add oil and tomatoes on low heat. Add onions
and garlic, cook till onions just begin to turn clear. Add greens, cover
and stem for 10 minutes. Add salt, pepper and herbs and cover for 15
minutes to continue to stem or until the greens are wilted but not soggy.
Add sunflower seeds, heating some more. Serve hot.

From: Sandi Meyerhoff
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Collards, Basic Approach

First of all, never pick collards that have any yellow spots; once they get
the spots, the leaves are really tough and never cook up tender.

Chop up 1/2 pound of bacon ends or salt pork and saute. Cut out the
stems from the collards, chop the leaves up medium coarse, and boil
for about an hour with a chopped onion and a half cup or so of apple
cider or juice and a Tb of chopped dried red peppers and the pork. And,
of course, some kosher salt and pepper to taste. Drain and serve.
Reserved liquid is called "pot likker" and theoretically yummy, but it
doesn't appeal much to me, except it makes a good stock.
(er, this is for about three bunches of collards)

Adapted from: Jeff Frane via rec.food.cooking on Jan 6, 1999.
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Gomen [Collard Greens]

1 lb. Collard greens
1 cup red onions
4 Medium green (hot) peppers (fresh) sliced in strip
2 cups water
1/2 tsp. garlic (peeled and chopped)
16 oz. oil
salt to taste

Wash collard greens, boil in medium pan until soft. Remove from heat, drain
and cut into small pieces. Set aside. Wash peppers, remove seeds, slice
lengthwise and set aside.

In a pan, cook onions over a low heat until brown adding a little water to
prevent sticking and burning. Add collard greens and cook until water
disappears. Add all the spices and stir gently. One at a time, add the
green pepper slices about 10 minutes before removing from the fire. Serve
hot or cold. Gomen is usually served with other foods. It may be served hot
or cold. This recipe serves 6.

From: http://www.circus.org/etfood.htm [now dead]
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Dandelion Greens

Dandelion Greens

Pick before the flowers bloom, wash in water, and rinse several times.
Put in boiling water with a piece of fatback. Boil one hour. Drain well,
and boil another 2 hours. Drain well when tender.

Adapted from Tom Kuhn, Native American archeologist
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Dandelion Greens (Pioneer Recipe)

2 lbs. fresh dandelion greens
2 cloves garlic
2 T. oil
pepper to taste

The small young leaves are the most tender. Larger, older leaves are
bitter. Clean and wash the leaves. Do not eat the stem or the flower. Cut
the leaves in half. Heat the oil and garlic in a saucepan. Add the leaves,
and pepper. Cook about 12 minutes or until tender. Add water if it gets too
dry. Serve hot.

From Mary Felberg, via Ella Lane at AOL.COM
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Endive

Braised Endive

6 heads endive
olive oil
Chicken stock
Salt and pepper

Trim 6 endives and slice them in half lengthwise. Season well with salt and
freshly ground pepper.

In a heavy-bottomed skillet, heat some olive oil and brown the cut side of
the endives over a high flame. Do this in batches, adding oil each time.
The pan will brown, which is fine - just don't allow it to blacken; if it
does, wash it out before the next batch.

Place the endives, brown side up, in a gratin dish just large enough to
hold them in a single layer. Pour chicken stock into the dish to a depth of
1/2 inch. Cover tightly and bake in a preheated 400°F oven for 20 minutes
or until quite tender. Serves 6.

Chef's Notes:

For a richer, more savory version, the halved endives can be wrapped in
thinly sliced pancetta or bacon before browning. This requires a slower
flame and browning on both sides. The oil will still be needed to keep the
meat from sticking. This makes a fine first course all by itself, or it can
be a delightful accompaniment to roasted or grilled meats and birds.

Contributed by: Alice Waters, Chez Panisse
Adapted from: Endive.com
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Endives in Olive Oil

Endive, two per person
Olive Oil
Salt
Lemon Juice

With a stainless steel knife, cut each endive into 1/2-inch lengths.

Melt olive oil in a sauté pan.

Add in the endive. Let them cook for a few seconds, turning them about with
a wooden spoon. Then add salt, turn down the heat and cover the pan. Using
this method, the endive will be sufficiently cooked in about 10 minutes. Be
sure to uncover them and shake the pan from time to time to make sure the
endives are not sticking.

Before serving, add a squeeze of lemon juice.

A heartier variation would be to add a few little cubes of bacon or ham.

Contributed by: Nora Pouillon, Restaurant Nora, Asia Nora
Adapted from: Endive.com
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Roasted Endive Fronds with Coarse Salt

Several heads of white Endive (one to two per person)
Olive oil
Coarse sea salt

Preheat oven to 400 degrees F.

Core several endives and remove the "fronds," or individual leaves; discard
the cores.

Arrange the endive fronds on a nonstick baking sheet, in a single layer,
not overlapping. Be sure to leave a little bit of space in between each.

Dot with olive oil and sprinkle with coarse sea salt.

Bake for about 10 minutes, or until the endive fronds are wilted and
somewhat tender and the edges are lightly crisped and browned in places.

Serve right away-divine as a side dish to roast chicken.

Contributed by: Marlena Spieler, Food Writer and Broadcaster
Adapted from: Endive.com
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Fiddlehead Ferns

How to Cook Fiddleheads

Fiddleheads are the new fronds of the ostrich fern (Matteuccia
struthiopteris), and get their colloquial name because their coiled form
looks like the head of a fiddle. These springtime delicacies have a taste
reminiscent of asparagus, freeze well, and are easy to prepare, but they
are not without their risks. We'll show you a couple ways to cook these up,
and how to avoid their risks.

Cleaning Fiddleheads:

Clean the fiddleheads. Rinse thoroughly, then place in a bowl of cold
water. Remove any bits of the brown papery coverings, and rinse again until
they look green and clean with no leftover papery bits.

Caution. Do not eat fiddleheads raw like other vegetables! They must be
cooked to be edible-there have been a number of reports of food-borne
illness associated with eating raw or undercooked fiddleheads.

Method One: Steaming

Place fiddleheads in a steamer basket. Using a steamer will help preserve
the delicate flavors of the fiddlehead ferns.

Add water to the saucepan or steamer, but don't submerge the ferns.

Bring the water to a boil. Steam the fiddleheads for 10-12 minutes, until
tender.

Method Two: Boiling

Boil water. Fill a saucepan with enough water to fully cover the
fiddleheads.

Add a pinch of salt. When the water has come to a full boil, add salt.

Stir in fiddleheads. Return the water to a full boil, then cook for 15
minutes.

Method Three: Sautéing

Heat oil. In a skillet, heat an oil over medium-high heat until shimmering.

Add prepared fiddleheads. These ferns should be steamed or boiled before
adding them. Sautéing alone is not sufficient to prevent illness.

Sauté until they start to brown. Add salt to taste, and thinly sliced
garlic or shallots if you like. Continue cooking for about another minute.

Tips:

Fiddleheads available in grocery stores are safe to eat, but care should be
taken if you are foraging for these greens on your own.

The fern fronds should be tightly curled. If the fronds are old and more
unfurled, do not eat it. Please read the Health Canada's Food Safety
Advisory on fiddleheads.

Ostrich fern fiddleheads, which are about an inch in diameter, can be
identified by the brown papery scale-like covering on the uncoiled fern, as
well as the smooth fern stem, and the deep U-shaped groove on the inside of
the fern stem.

Correctly identify a fiddlehead. While there are many varieties of fern,
the ostrich fern is the only one that is edible and safe to eat. Other
varieties of fern may look similar, but can be poisonous or unpalatable.

Edited by Luv_sarah, Flickety, VermontGal, Maluniu and 16 others
From: WikiHow
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Sautéed Fiddleheads

3 cups fresh fiddlehead ferns, ends trimmed
3 tablespoons unfiltered extra-virgin olive oil
1 clove garlic, minced
1/2 teaspoon sea salt
1/2 teaspoon black pepper
1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice

Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil. Cook fiddlehead ferns in the
boiling water until barely tender, 7 to 10 minutes; drain.

Heat olive oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Stir in the
prepared fiddlehead ferns, garlic, and the salt and pepper. Cook and stir
until ferns are tinged lightly brown and tender, about 5 minutes. Remove
from heat and sprinkle with lemon juice.

From: AllRecipes
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Kale

Robert's Greens [Kale and Andouille Sausage]

1 onion, chopped
many cloves of garlic, chopped
1 carrot, chopped fine
1 1/2 long andouille sausage, sliced or chopped
1 large can chicken broth
1 cup canned tomato chunks
2 bunches kale, spines removed, coarsely chopped
olive oil
pepper
hot peppers, fresh (chopped) or dried flakes

Sauté first three ingredients in olive oil until onion is transparent.
Add andouille and cook for a few minutes. Add the broth and tomato and
bring to a boil. Add kale and peppers. Turn heat to very low and
simmer until done. Will be fairly soupy.

From: husband of Gail de Prosse (via rec.food.cooking on Dec 27, 1999)
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sautéed Kale

1 pound fresh kale trimmed and chopped, or 2 packages (10-3/4 oz. each)
frozen, chopped kale, thawed and drained.
1 large garlic clove, crushed
1 tablespoon olive oil
2 tablespoons pine nuts (pignoli), lightly toasted
2 tablespoons lemon juice

If using fresh kale, cook the kale in a large pot of boiling water until
tender, about 10 minutes, drain well. Coat a large skillet with oil. Saute
garlic over medium heat until just golden, about 3 minutes. Add kale to
skillet. Stir in the 1 tablespoon olive oil, saute until heated thru, about
5 minutes. Stir in pine nuts, remove skillet from heat. Sprinkle kale
mixture with lemon juice. Transfer to a shallow serving dish, Serve
immediately.

From: The American Cancer Institute.
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Lamb's Quarters

Lamb's Quarters

Use the leafy greens alone in a salad or mix with stronger greens. For
potherb, use large quantity of greens because cooking greatly diminishes
bulk. Boil young leafy stems in a small quantity of water about 5 minutes
until tender. Good with a sauce of olive oil, diced onion, and crisp bacon,
chopped fine.

From Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide by Elias & Dykeman.
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Lettuce

Lettuce and Bacon

6 small heads of romaine lettuce
1/2 pound bacon, diced
1 large onion, minced
1 large tomato, peeled and seeded (optional)
fresh ground pepper
sprinkling of a favorite herb: basil, thyme or marjoram
chicken broth or water (if necessary to prevent scorching)

Trim the romaine heads, but leave them whole. Wash thru several changes of
cold water, shake dry, Plunge the lettuce into a large saucepan filled with
boiling water, and cook for about 2 minutes. Do not overcook, the lettuce
must remain firm. Drain and lay in a strainer to allow the lettuce to drip
excess moisture. Dry between paper towels. In a fry pan, cook bacon until
crisp. Pour off about 2/3 of the fat in the pan. Add the onion and the
tomato, and cook, stirring constantly, until onion is tender. Add the
lettuce, season with pepper, and sprinkle with your herbs. Cook covered
over low heat for about 10 minutes, check for dryness, if necessary, add a
little broth or water, 1-2 tbsp. at a time, to prevent scorching. The
cooked lettuce should be dry. Serve very hot, 4-6 servings.

From: Nika Hazelton's Way with Vegetables
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Mustard Greens

Braised Mustard Greens with Garlic

If you can't find mustard greens, broccoli rabe is a good substitute. Cut 
off and discard the tough stem ends, then coarsely chop the tender stems, 
leaves, and florets.

1/2 lb mustard greens, stems and center ribs discarded and leaves coarsely 
    chopped (4 cups packed)
1 garlic clove, finely chopped
1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil
1/3 cup water

Blanch mustard greens in a 4-quart heavy pot of boiling salted water 1 
minute. Drain greens in a colander and wipe pot dry.

Cook garlic in oil in pot over moderate heat, stirring, until pale golden, 
about 30 seconds. Add greens and water and simmer, partially covered, 
stirring occasionally, until tender, 5 to 6 minutes. Season with salt and 
pepper.

From: epicurious: Gourmet, December 2004
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Mustard Greens

1/2 cup thinly sliced onions
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 Tbsp olive oil
1 pound mustard greens, washed and torn into large pieces
2 to 3 Tbsp chicken broth or vegetable broth (vegetarian option)
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon pepper
1/4 teaspoon dark sesame oil

In a large sauté pan, sauté onions in olive oil over medium heat until the
onions begin to brown and caramelize, about 5 to 10 minutes. Add the minced
garlic and cook a minute more, until fragrant.

Add the mustard greens and broth and cook until the mustard greens are just
barely wilted. Toss with sesame oil. Season with salt and pepper. Serves 4.

From: SimplyRecipes
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Quick and Easy Mustard Greens

10 to 12 slices bacon, diced
1 cup chopped onion
16 ounces frozen mustard greens
water
diced cooked ham, optional
1 teaspoon Cajun seasoning, seasoned salt, or salt, or to taste
dash red pepper, optional
dash black pepper, to taste
1 to 2 tablespoons olive oil, or bacon fat from first step

Cook bacon just until almost crisp; add onion and sauté until onion is 
tender and bacon is crisp.

Put chopped mustard greens in a medium saucepan; cover with water. Bring to
a boil, reduce heat to medium-low, and simmer for about 20 to 30 minutes.
Add bacon and onion, along with ham, if using. Toss with seasonings and
oil or fat to taste. Serves 4 to 6.

From: About.com: Southern Food
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Spicy Mustard Greens with Cumin

1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil
2 medium onions, coarsely chopped
6 garlic cloves, chopped
1 tablespoon cumin seeds
1/2 teaspoon dried crushed red pepper
2 large bunches mustard greens (about 26 ounces total), coarsely chopped
1 tablespoon lemon juice

Heat oil in large wide pot over medium-high heat. Add onions and sauté
until soft, about 7 minutes. Stir in garlic, cumin seeds, and crushed red
pepper; sauté 3 minutes. Add mustard greens to pot in batches (about 1/3 at
a time) and stir until each batch begins to wilt before adding next, about
3 minutes per batch. Reduce heat to medium-low, cover, and cook until
greens are very tender, stirring frequently, about 30 minutes. Season with
salt and pepper. Mix in lemon juice.

DO AHEAD Can be made 3 hours ahead. Transfer to bowl and serve hot or at 
room temperature.

Recipe by Peter Berley, November 2005. Adapted from Bon Appetit
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Mustard Greens, Nepalese-style

3 tablespoons mustard oil (olive oil has too low a smoke point for here)
1 pound mustard greens, cleaned and coarsely chopped
1 teaspoon crushed red pepper, or to taste (optional)
1 tablespoon ground cumin
1 teaspoon ground turmeric

Heat the oil until almost smoking. Add the greens and stir to prevent 
burning. Once wilted, add the spices. Stir thoroughly, turn the heat to 
low, cover, and cook for about 5-15 minutes.

Add a little hot water if the greens start to burn. Make sure all water has
evaporated before serving.

From: The Spice House
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Sarson Ka Saag (Mustard Greens)

1 tbsp. oil
1 large onion, puréed
1 large tomato, puréed (or canned pumpkin/butternut)
1 tsp. ginger
1 tsp. garlic
1/2 tsp. each cumin, coriander, turmeric and chilli (optional) powders
1 tsp. salt or to taste
1 lb. chopped mustard greens (boiled)

Heat oil in a non-stick frying pan (or skillet) and fry the onion and 
tomato, ginger and garlic pastes, cumin, coriander, turmeric and chilli 
powders together for five minutes.

Add the mustard greens and cook for twenty five minutes on medium low heat
with a cup of lukewarm water.

Stir occasionally so that the mustard green blend in well and forms a thick
consistency.

From: PakiRecipes.com
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Creamed Mustard Greens With Spinach

1 (29 ounce) can mustard greens, drained
1 (15 ounce) can spinach, drained
1 medium onion, chopped
1 tomato, chopped (or canned pumpkin/butternut)
1 jalapeno, chopped (optional)
1 tablespoon garlic paste (or fresh chopped garlic)
1 tablespoon ginger paste (or fresh chopped ginger)
1 teaspoon cumin powder
1 teaspoon coriander powder
1 teaspoon turmeric powder (optional)
1 teaspoon chili powder (or to taste) (optional)
2 tablespoons tomato paste
1 cup coconut milk (add to taste and consistency) salt and pepper
1/2 teaspoon garam masala
2 tablespoons oil
1/4 cup water

Topping:
3 tablespoons oil
1 piece fresh ginger, chopped

1. Heat up oil in pot and add onions. Fry till softened and translucent.
2. Add the jalapano, ginger and garlic paste, cumin powder, coriander
   powder, turmeric powder and chili powder.
3. Add the water and fry for 2-3 minutes. Stir well.
4. Add the tomato and cook till softened, about a minute.
5. Add the mustard greens, spinach, garam masala, tomato paste, salt and
   pepper.
6. Cook covered about 15 minutes on medium high heat till all the veggies
   release all their water.
7. Uncover and dry of any liquid on high heat for about 5-8 minutes. The
   dryer the better. When done, turn off stove.
8. In portions, blend the mixture till smooth. Add some of the coconut milk
   if needed to blend. Transfer back to pot.
9. Mix in the coconut milk.
10. Topping:. In a small fry pan, heat up the oil and add the chopped 
    ginger. Fry the ginger till golden brown.
11. Pour on top of the mustard spinach. Be careful it will sizzle and might
    pop.
12. Serve hot with some fresh lime squeezed on top.

From: Food.com
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Mustard Greens Bhutuwa

1 lb mustard greens, washed, peeled, cut into small pieces (spinach can be used)
3 dried red chilies
1/2 teaspoon jwanu seeds (lovage seeds)
1/2 teaspoon mustard seeds
1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds
1 teaspoon whole Szechuan pepper or Chinese pepper
1 tablespoon garlic, minced
1 tablespoon ginger, minced
1/2 teaspoon turmeric
1/2 teaspoon freshly ground pepper
3 tablespoons mustard oil
2 tablespoons fresh dill weed, finely chopped 

In a non-stick pan heat three tablespoons of mustard oil.
Splitter jwanu seeds, whole timur mustard seeds, and cumin seeds until
  they turn dark.
Fry dried red chilies for 15 sec.
Till it turns dark.
Add garlic, ginger, ground pepper, and turmeric; fry for a minute or so on
  low heat.
Add mustard greens to the spice-mixture, and stir-fry for about two
  minutes. Salt it.
Increase the heat to high; cook the mustard greens until wilted and the
  excess liquid has evaporated off. Do not overcook the greens.
Adjust seasoning with salt and pepper.
Garnish with chopped dill weed.

From: Recipes Wiki
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Purslane

Todd's Guide to Eating Purslane

Gibbons says the best way to harvest purslane is to pinch off the leafy
tips. This is because they grow back almost immediately (some say
overnight), so a few plants can furnish a lot of edible purslane. He also
give some recipes. It can be eaten raw, as a salad vegetable, or boiled.
He suggests adding a quart of purslane tips to bacon when it is about
finished cooking, mixing it in with the bacon fat and letting it cook for a
few more minutes. Then season to taste with your favorates spices.

From: Todd Moody
Adapted by Patti Vincent
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Radish Greens

Sautéed Radish Greens

1 bunch radish greens
1 garlic clove, minced
1 tbsp olive oil
Salt and pepper to taste

Wash the radish greens, then chop them.

Heat the oil in a non-stick frying pan over medium heat. Add radish greens
to the frying pan, and cook, stirring periodically, until they wilt (about
2 minutes). Add minced garlic and stir for 30 seconds.

Remove the sautéed radish greens from the frying pan and serve.

From: Melanie Cooks
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Melanie Mendelson

Radicchio

Sautéed Radicchio

Radicchio has a famously bitter edge along with its gorgeous color. 
Sautéeing radicchio tempers the bitterness beautifully.

2 Tbsp. olive oil
1 clove garlic (optional), thinly sliced or finely chopped
1/4 tsp. sea salt

Trim any brown part off the stem of the radicchio. Cut the radicchio head
into quarters, cut out the core from each quarter, and cut quarters into
bite-size pieces - I like to leave the pieces fairly large because it looks
so pretty.

Heat a large frying pan or saute pan over medium high heat. Add oil and
swirl. Toss in garlic, if you like, and let it sizzle. Add radicchio,
sprinkle with salt, and stir to coat with oil. Cook, stirring frequently,
until radicchio is tender and starting to brown, about 8 minutes.

Transfer radicchio to a serving platter. Sprinkle with more salt to taste,
if you like. Serve hot or warm.

From: About.com: Local Foods
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Molly Watson

Sautéed Radicchio with Shallots

3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
3 large shallots, thinly sliced
Salt
2 heads of radicchio (1/2 pound), thinly sliced
Freshly ground black pepper

In a large skillet, heat 2 tablespoons of the olive oil. Add the shallots,
season with salt and cook over moderate heat until softened, about 4
minutes. Add the remaining 1 tablespoon of olive oil and the radicchio to
the skillet and toss well. Cover and cook over moderate heat, stirring a
few times, until the radicchio is tender, about 5 minutes. Season with
salt. Transfer the radicchio to a bowl. Season with pepper and serve.

From Mark Peel's Easy Vegetable Side Dishes
Adapted from Food & Wine
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Perfectly Grilled Radicchio

4 heads radicchio
12 garlic cloves, minced
2 teaspoons crushed red pepper flakes (optional)
3 tablespoons fresh thyme leaves
2 cups extra-virgin olive oil
1/2 cup lemon juice
Salt and freshly ground black pepper

Cut the radicchio in quarters lengthwise, being sure to keep some of the
stem attached to each quarter. Trim off any dark bits of stem. Submerge the
radicchio quarters in ice water for 1 hour to remove some bitterness. Put a
plate on top of the radicchio to keep them under water.

In a medium bowl, combine all ingredients. Mix well.

Prepare a hot fire in your grill, or heat a cast iron grill pan over
medium-high heat.

Drain the radicchio and place them on paper towels to absorb remaining
water. Open up the leaves and spoon the olive oil mixture inside. Place the
radicchio quarters on a baking sheet and pour the remaining marinade
mixture. Season generously with salt and pepper.

Grill the radicchio until browned on the outside but still raw in the
center, 3 to 5 minutes, turning occasionally. Be careful, as the oil
mixture may flame up.

When the radicchio begins to brown, pull from the grill. Drizzle any
leftover dressing over the top of the grilled radicchio and serve warm.

If making radicchio in advance: Before the party, have the radicchio
drained and marinated in the vinaigrette in the refrigerator.

Recipe courtesy Michael Chiarello
Show: Easy Entertaining with Michael Chiarello
Episode: It's A Wrap Cocktail Party
Adapted from: FoodNetwork.com
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Michael Chiarello

Ramps (Wild Leeks)

Sautéed Ramps in Guanciale

1 pound ramps, trimmed and cleaned
1/4 pound guanciale, small dice (Italian cured pork jowls)
freshly ground black pepper, to taste (optional)

To trim and clean the ramps, cut off the root end and submerge in a large
bowl of cold water to dislodge trapped dirt, changing the water as many
times as necessary. Rub the stalks gently with your fingertips to remove a
thin and slippery outer layer, much like cleaning scallions.

Slice the ramps where the stalks and leaves meet. The stalks will be cooked
a few minutes ahead of time.

In a heavy skillet over medium heat, cook the guanciale until light brown
and crisp.

Add the ramp stalks and cook for a few minutes, just until tender. Add the
ramp leaves and cook for about a minute, just until wilted. Taste and
season with freshly ground pepper, if necessary.

From: Apple Pie, Patis, and Pâté Recipes
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Apple Pie, Patis, and Pâté Recipes

Spinach

Creamed Spinach with Coconut Milk

1/8 cup olive Oil
1 cup sweet onions, 1/4" diced
1 tbsp garlic, minced
16 oz spinach leafs, washed and rinsed
1/2 cups coconut milk
1/4 tsp white pepper
1/2 tsp salt, add to taste

Heat olive oil in a large sauté pan over medium heat, then add the garlic 
and onions and sauté just until the onions become translucent.

Add spinach and sauté until spinach starts to wilt, then add the coconut 
milk and seasonings. Mix the ingredients well to ensure an even seasoning 
blend.

Sauté the seasoned spinach until completely wilted, then transfer to a warm
serving dish and garnish with fresh coconut shavings. Serves: 8

From: Bahama Breeze Island Grill
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Bhaji with Baby Spinach and Coconut Cream

11 oz baby spinach (pre washed)
1 medium onion sliced thin
3 cloves garlic sliced
1/4 hot pepper (optional) I used habanero
dash of black pepper
salt to taste (I used a little less than 1/4 teaspoon)
3 tablespoon olive oil (I use extra virgin for the additional flavour)
1 can coconut cream (5.6 fl oz)

Even though I purchased the pre-washed spinach (please get baby spinach for
best results) I still wash it before cooking. Blame our mom for that.. she
believes in washing just about everything. Then in a wide sauce pan heat
the olive oil on medium heat. When the oil is hot, add the sliced garlic
and allow to cook for a few minutes to infuse the oil with the flavours of
the garlic.

If you look closely at the edges of the garlic you'll notice that it's
starting to go golden in color, this is a good indication that it's time to
add the spinach. Since we washed the spinach, make sure to drain it well
before adding to the pan with the hot oil and garlic. At first you'll doubt
that the entire batch of spinach will fit in the pan, but as it wilts...
everything will fit. Just keep adding as needed.

The next step is to add the black pepper, sliced onion, hot pepper and
salt. As mentioned I used a little less than 1/4 teaspoon of salt, so I
suggest you add a similar amount and at the end add additional if needed.
TIP BTW, if you have a heavy hand and add more salt than necessary, feel
free  to add a sliced tomato to the pot to try and diffuse some of that
salty taste. I then pour in the coconut milk into the pan, cover, turn down
the heat to low and allow to simmer for about 20 minutes. You'll notice
that the spinach released a lot of it's own liquid. No worries.. we'll burn
all that off later.

After 20 minutes cooking with the cover on the pan, you'll notice that
there's still a bit of liquid left in the pot. After-all we added coconut
milk as well to the natural juices of the spinach itself. Remove the cover
and turn the heat up to medium/high to cook off all that liquid. Keep a
close eye.. if you notice the spinach starts to stick to the bottom of the
pan, turn down the heat. It must cook off the liquid evenly.

Note: I like my spinach cooked as we do with dasheen bush bhaji.. melted to
a sort of smooth paste. But if you prefer, you can cook this much faster
with the lid off the pan for about 7-10 minutes (instead of 20) or until
the liquid (coconut) milk dries off. On a higher heat setting. This way
you'll have a finished dish with more texture.

As the liquid dries off, you're done. It will look a bit mushy, but trust
me.. this is packed with flavour and healthy goodness.

From: Caribbean Pot: Caribbean Cooking, Recipes and Culinary Culture
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Chris at CaribbeanPot

Spinach Bhagi

In Trinidad and Tobago, this recipe is a traditional Indian dish that is 
served mainly for breakfast or dinner.

1 bundle spinach
1 large onion (chopped)
2 cloves garlic (chopped)
2 pimento peppers (chopped) (optional)
1/4 cup coconut milk
1 tbsp coconut oil
1/2 hot pepper (according to taste and chopped) (optional)
Salt to taste

Break up spinach and wash. Heat oil in saucepan and add garlic, onion,
pimento peppers and hot pepper and allow to saute for about 1 minute.

Add spinach and salt, turn all ingredients thoroughly. Add coconut milk,
cover pot and allow to steam under low heat. Keep turning occasionally.

When spinach is cooked, remove cover and allow frying for another 2 minutes
or until all the liquid is absorbed. At this point you need to turn
regularly. 

Adapted from: Wha to Cook?
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Sautéed Spinach

1 pound washed baby spinach leaves
4 cloves garlic, smashed (or pressed)
4 Tablespoons extra virgin olive oil

Rinse the spinach well in cold water to make sure it's very clean. Spin it 
dry in a salad spinner, leaving just a little water clinging to the leaves.
If the spinach is packaged pre-washed, then you don't need to do anything.

Heat oil in a large sauté pan with smashed cloves of garlic. When the 
garlic turns golden, but not brown, add the spinach and sauté until wilted.

You can cook a few minutes longer. Optionally covered, if you have a large
cover.

Can top with a squeeze of lemon and freshly ground pepper.

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Garlic-Lime Spinach

2 tablespoons olive oil
3 cloves garlic, smashed
Two 6-ounce bags fresh spinach
1/2 teaspoon lime zest
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper

In a large Dutch oven, heat the oil over medium-high heat until hot. Add 
the garlic and cook until golden brown, about 2 minutes.

Add the spinach and cook, stirring constantly until wilted, about 4 
minutes. Stir in the lime zest, salt and pepper. Serve immediately.

From: Paula Deen
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Baked Soufflé

2 eggs
2 C cooked and chopped spinach

Mix together and bake at 350 for 1/2 hour.

From: a child's cookbook from 1931
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Spinach with Pine Nuts, Garlic and Dates

Clean spinach using two bowls. Wash spinach in one, then lift out and put in
the other. Rinse our the first bowl, lift the spinach and put it into the
first bowl, and repeat until the spinach is completely clean. Drain spinach.

Put spinach into a pot with only the water that sticks to its leaves. Over
medium heat covered pot until spinach wilts.

Meanwhile, toast pinenuts in a saute pan over medium heat. Don't burn!!

Chop garlic and a few dates. You could use raisins instead of dates.

Remove spinach from the pot. Add 2 tblspoons olive oil and heat for a few
moments. Add garlic and continue cooking until you really smell that garlic.
Then add the spinach, dates and pine nuts and cook until it heats through.
Serve immediately.

By Richard Geller. Posted to the PaleoRecipe Mailing List, Nov. 2000
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Roman Spinach

3 pounds spinach, washed and trimmed
2-3 tbsp olive oil
1/2 cup pignoli (pine nuts)
1 garlic clove, mashed
2 tsp lemon juice or to taste
pepper

Cut any large spinach leaves into pieces. Heat the oil in a deep frying
pan. Cook the nuts, stirring constantly until they are golden. Add the
spinach, garlic, lemon juice, and pepper to taste. Cook covered, shaking
the pan to prevent sticking, for about 4 minutes, or until barley tender.
Serve very hot, 4 servings.

From Nika Hazelton's Way with Vegetables
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Spinach With Pine Nuts

1 1/2 kg fresh spinach
2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
2 garlic cloves, finely chopped
50 g sultanas 
50 g pine nuts
salt and pepper 

Wash the spinach thoroughly and cut the rough stems off.

Cook the spinach in very little water in a covered pan for 5 mins then 
drain and chop.

Heat the olive oil over a medium to low heat and add the finely sliced 
garlic, sultanas and pine nuts. Fry gently for 2 - 3 mins, stirring all the
time so that the pine nuts brown but do not burn. Add the spinach.

Mix all ingredients together and season with salt and pepper.

From: Food.com
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Acadia*

Spinach Fatayer Filling

4 cups fresh spinach leaves, chopped
1 onion, finely chopped
2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
2 tablespoons ground sumac
2 tablespoons pine nuts (optional)
3 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
1/2 teaspoon ground black pepper
1 pinch salt

Saute all ingredients in a a pan.

From: AllRecipes
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Cheera (Spinach) Thoran

800 gm Cheera leaves (Spinach)
1 cup Grated coconut
2 Onion (finely chopped) (or shallots)
5 Green chilli (finely chopped) (optional)
1/2 teaspoon Turmeric powder
Salt as required
2 tablespoon Oil
1/2 teaspoon Mustard seed
1 stem Curry leaves

Clean the spinach leaves nicely and chop finely. 
Heat oil in a pan. Splutter mustard seeds. 
Add chopped onion, green chilli and curry leaves and sauté well.
Add grated coconut and sauté in a low flame.
Add the spinach leaves, mix well. 
Cover the pan and cook.
Stir in between.
Do not overcook.

by Mrs Annamma Philippose. From: newKerala.com
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Bengali Spinach

2/3 cup raw almonds
2 cups warm water
3 tablespoons ghee or coconut oil
1 tablespoon black mustard seeds
1/2 teaspoon whole cumin seed
1/4 teaspoon fenugreek seeds
1/2 tablespoon grated ginger
1 tablespoon minced green chilies (optional)
2 lbs trimmed fresh spinach
1/3 cup shredded coconut
1 tablespoon salt [way too much!]
2 tablespoons water
1/8 teaspoon nutmeg

1. Soak nuts in warm water for 4 hours or overnight.
2. Drain, wash and drain again.
3. Heat ghee in a large pot over moderate heat.
4. When hot, but not smoking, add the spice seeds.
5. Fry until the seeds darken.
6. Add the ginger, chiles, spinach, nuts, coconut and salt.
7. Cover, reduce heat to low and cook for 10 minutes.
8. Uncover, gently turn the spinach over. Add water if necessary.
9. Cook for a further 10 minutes. Stir in the nutmeg and heat through for
   1 to 2 minutes.
10. Garnish with lemon and serve.

Adapted from: Food.com
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Turnip Greens

Sautéed Fresh Turnip Greens

1 lb. fresh turnip greens
1 tsp. salt
1 hard cooked egg
1/3 c. minced green pepper
2 tsp. fresh lemon juice
1/3 c. chopped onion
2 strips bacon
1/4 tsp. black pepper

Wash turnip greens thoroughly. Trim off coarse stems. Fry bacon until crisp
and remove it from the fat. Save for later use. Add onion and green pepper
to bacon fat and sauté until limp. Coarsely chop turnip greens and add to
onions and green pepper. Stir to mix well. Cover tightly and cook 10-15
minutes, or until tender. Add salt, black pepper and lemon juice. Toss
lightly. Turn into serving dish and garnish with crisp, crumbled bacon and
slices of hard cooked egg. Yield: 4 servings.

From: Cooks.com
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Spicy Skillet Turnip Greens

A quick recipe for spicy skillet turnip greens for a comforting,
home-cooked meal.

1 tablespoon olive oil
1 medium onion, cut into wedges
1 pound turnip greens, cleaned and chopped
1/4 cup water
1/8 teaspoon red pepper flakes (adjust to preference)

Drizzle olive oil into skillet over medium heat.

Add onion and cook until just tender, about 3 minutes. Then add 1/2 of
turnip greens. Allow to cook down and add the remainder of the greens.

Add water and red pepper flakes. Adjust the amount of red pepper to your
personal taste.

From: Add A Pinch
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Robyn

Southern-Style Turnip Greens

A Southern-style turnip green recipe with salt pork.

4 to 4 1/2 pounds turnip greens
1 pound salt pork, rinsed and diced
1 1/2 cups water
1 cup finely chopped onion
1/2 teaspoon pepper
a dash of crushed red pepper, optional

Cut off and discard tough stems and discolored leaves from greens. Wash
greens thoroughly and drain well. Cook salt pork in a large pot or Dutch
oven over medium heat until crisp and brown. Add the turnip greens, water,
onion, pepper, and crushed red pepper; bring to a boil. Reduce heat, cover,
and simmer 40 to 45 minutes or until greens are tender. Taste and adjust
seasonings.

Serve with lemon juice or pepper sauce. Serves 6.

From: About.com: Southern Food
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Braised Turnips and Radishes

1 pound (total) turnips and radishes
Salt
2 tablespoons flavorful oil

Peel vegetables, or not; quarter turnips if necessary to make them about
same size as radishes. Put in saucepan with pinch of salt, oil, and water
to come up about halfway to their height. Cover and turn heat to
medium-high.

Simmer until vegetables are just about tender, 10 to 20 minutes. Uncover
and continue to cook until vegetables are shiny and glazed with their
juices. Add more salt if necessary and serve hot.

By Mark Bittman. From: The New York Times
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Turnip Greens

2 large bunches of fresh turnip greens
2 cups water
pepper to taste
1/4 pound fatback, bacon, or fatty ham scraps

This recipe also works for mustard greens, collard greens, or any mix of
the three greens.
Wash and destem the turnip greens, rinsing thoroughly to remove all sand
and dirt. Place in a large pot with water and pepper and
fatback/bacon/fatty ham scraps. Bring to a boil (if you don't have a
steam-releasing lid, be sure to tilt lid on top of pot to let the steam
escape.), and simmer until greens are tender, adding water as necessary to
keep them from drying out. The longer they cook, the better they get.

From Jack's Skillet by Jack Butler
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